Syphilis Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments – massify.com
Friday, November 18, 2018
Syphilis Disease: is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. It initially manifests itself in the appearance of a non-painful ulceration in the penis, vagina or anus.
Syphilis was an important cause of disability and mortality but has been much less widespread since the discovery of antibiotics in 1945.
The disease is uncommon in Canada but the number of people infected has increased significantly since 1997, suggesting that people do not adequately protect themselves during intercourse. In 2006, not less than 1,500 cases reported in Canada. The most affected are men aged 25 to 39 years.
Syphilis Disease: Causes
Syphilis transmitted during oral, anal or genital sex with a partner who infected. More rarely, transmitted by the exchange of syringes or by a cutaneous lesion. Finally, transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy.
Syphilis Disease: Complications
Untreated syphilis that’s very destructive and causes many complications such as internal or external lesions, cardiovascular disorders and serious mental health. It may, sometimes, lead to death.
Having syphilis also increases the risk of contracting HIV.
Syphilis Disease: When to Consult your Doctor?
If you have unprotected sexual intercourse, or if you experience ulcers, redness or pimples on your genitals, consult your doctor to take the right screening tests.
Syphilis Disease: Symptoms
Syphilis has 3 stages and a latency period. The primary, secondary and early latent stages of syphilis considered infectious. Each stage has different symptoms.
Syphilis Disease: Primary stage
Early symptoms occur 3 to 90 days after infection, but usually 3 weeks.
At first, the infection takes on the appearance of a red button;
Then the bacteria multiply and end up creating one or more non-painful ulcers at the site of infection, usually in the genital, anal or throat area. This ulcer called syphilitic chancre.
seen on the penis, but easily hidden in the vagina or anus, especially since it is painless. Most infected persons develop only one chancre, but some develop several;
The wound eventually subsides of its own accord in 1 or 2 months. If it has not been treated, it does not mean that the infection cured.
Syphilis Disease: Secondary stage
When untreated, syphilis develops. From 2 to 10 weeks after the onset of ulcers, the following symptoms occur:
Fever, fatigue, headache and muscle aches;
Hair loss (alopecia);
Redness and rash on the mucous membranes and skin,
Inflammation of the ganglia;
Inflammation of the uveitis, the vascularized part of the eye, or the retina (retinitis).
These symptoms may disappear by themselves but this does not mean that the infection cured. They can also manifest and reappear intermittently, for months or even years.
Syphilis Disease: Period of latency
After about 2 years, syphilis enters a state of latency, period when no symptoms appear. However, the infection can still develop. This period can last from 1 year to 30 years.
Syphilis Disease: Tertiary stage
If untreated, 15-30% of people infected with syphilis will suffer from very serious symptoms that may even lead to death in some cases:
Cardiovascular syphilis (inflammation of the aorta, aneurysm or aortic stenosis, etc.);
Neurological Syphilis (stroke, meningitis, deafness, visual disturbances, headache, dizziness, personality change, dementia, etc.);
Congenital syphilis. The Treponema transmitted by the infected mother through the placenta and will lead to spontaneous abortions, neonatal deaths. Most newborn infants will have no symptoms at birth, but these will appear within 3 to 4 months;
Syphilis Disease: People at Risk and Preventing Syphilis
People at Risk
Men who have sex with men;
People who have unprotected sex;
who have multiple sexual partners;
People living with HIV or other STIs;
Injecting drug users and their partners.
Syphilis Disease: Prevention
Prevention aims to reduce the incidence of syphilis by preventing transmission of the bacteria.
Syphilis Disease: Basic Preventive Measures
Proper use of condoms helps prevent the transmission of syphilis. Condoms or dental dams may also serve as a means of protection during oral sex.
Syphilis Disease: Screening measures
Systematic Screening for Syphilis at the First Pregnancy Visit:
Given the resurgence of syphilis in Canada, but also in the United States and Europe, systematic screening is paramount for all pregnant women.
Screening for unprotected sex
A screening test helps avoid transmission of infection to new partners. In the case of a positive result, you must notify any person you have had sex with and may exposed to.
This person will have to undergo a screening test and be treated, if necessary.
Syphilis detected through a blood test.
Syphilis Disease: Medical treatments and complementary approaches to syphilis
Syphilis treated with antibiotics, usually penicillin, by intramuscular injection. In a case of allergy to penicillin, other antibiotics are available.
If the infection has lasted less than 1 year, it is possible that a single dose treatment is sufficient. New blood tests performed as a result of the treatment to see if the antibiotics have been effective. Immunosuppressed people, especially those with HIV may require longer-term treatment.
Syphilis Disease: Complementary Approaches
No complementary approach can replace antibiotics in the treatment of syphilis.
Friday, November 18,2018-20:04:07[London]
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